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HB16-1395

Juvenile Delinquency Record Expungement

Concerning juvenile delinquency record expungement.
Session:
2016 Regular Session
Subjects:
Children & Domestic Matters
Courts & Judicial
Bill Summary

Under current law, there is some access to juvenile delinquency records. The bill limits that access by making certain records public only after a court orders that a child be charged as an adult, consistent with recent changes to the direct file statute, and by eliminating the requirement that the prosecuting attorney notify the school principal of minor offenses. The bill also ensures that the juvenile and his or her attorney can access the juvenile's records, and that juvenile record information is available to agencies that require the information for research purposes, with protections against the disclosure of identifying information.

Under current law, a juvenile or someone on the juvenile's behalf must petition, after an applicable waiting period of one to 5 years, for expungement. The bill requires the court to automatically expunge records in certain situations. In some situations, the juvenile must still petition for expungement. Records will be expunged immediately upon:
  • A finding of not guilty at an adjudicatory trial;
  • Dismissal of the entire case;
  • Dismissal after completion of juvenile diversion, a deferred adjudication, or an informal adjustment;
  • The completion of a sentence for a municipal offense; and
  • The completion of a juvenile sentence for a class 2 or 3 misdemeanor that is not a sex offense and does not involve domestic violence.

Records will be eligible for expungement upon the completion of a juvenile sentence when the juvenile has a class 1 misdemeanor; a misdemeanor sex offense; a misdemeanor involving domestic violence; or a first time felony adjudication and the adjudicated felony is not a crime of violence, is not an offense involving unlawful sexual behavior, and is not a class 1 or 2 felony. The court sends a notice to the district attorney that the records are eligible for expungement. The district attorney shall notify the victim, and the victim and the district attorney have the right to object to the expungement. If there is no objection, the court enters an expungement order. If there is an objection, the court holds a hearing to determine if the juvenile is sufficiently rehabilitated and whether expungement is in the best interest of the juvenile and the community.

All other juveniles must file a petition to request expungement after an applicable waiting period. Records will be eligible for expungement one year after a law enforcement contact that did not result in a referral to another agency. Records will be eligible for expungement one year from the date of the completion of a juvenile sentence if the juvenile was not adjudicated a repeat, mandatory, aggravated, or violent juvenile offender. Records will be eligible for expungement 3 years from the date of completion of a juvenile sentence if the juvenile was adjudicated a repeat or mandatory offender and not adjudicated for a felony sex offense. Records will be eligible for expungement 5 years from the date of completion of a juvenile sentence if the juvenile was adjudicated an aggravated or violent juvenile offender or was adjudicated for a felony sex offense. After the petition is filed, the court shall hold a hearing, and the court shall grant expungement if it finds that the juvenile has been rehabilitated and that expungement is in the best interest of the juvenile and the community.

The bill requires written notice of the right to expungement and the process to the juvenile.

(Note: This summary applies to this bill as introduced.)

Status

Introduced
Lost

Bill Text

Sponsors

Sponsor Type Legislators
Prime Sponsor

Rep. P. Lee

Sponsor

Rep. J. Buckner, Rep. L. Court, Rep. D. Esgar, Rep. R. Fields, Rep. S. Lontine, Rep. J. Melton, Rep. A. Williams

Co-sponsor