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A Citizen's Guide to Effective Legislative Participation

The Legislative Process

Every year the Colorado General Assembly meets to engage in the process of public decision making. The objective is to reach consensus on a wide range of issues affecting every citizen and the future prosperity of Colorado. The process involves cooperation to make critical decisions in everyone's best interests.

We have elected state senators and representatives to carry out the difficult task of determining which laws and policies will best serve these interests. However, to effectively perform their job, legislators rely heavily on input from many different sources.

They receive a great deal of technical information from legislative staff, state agency personnel, and professional lobbyists. Yet, much of what they actually decide depends on the views, interests, and preferences of the citizens who elect them.

This is precisely how the legislative process was designed to work. It is based on a close, open, and positive relationship between elected officials and the citizens whom they represent.

You can actively participate in the legislative process in a variety of ways. Select the method that allows the fullest expression of your personal interest and commitment, but follow some basic steps.


Know How the Process Works

For your individual participation to be most effective, a basic understanding of the whole legislative picture is essential. If there is something you do not understand about the process, ask someone who can provide an answer. Here are some resources:

  • Read the Colorado General Assembly Overview page.
  • Call your legislator's office.
  • Watch the video on How a Bill Becomes a Law in Colorado and review the chart.
  • Learn how to read a bill.
  • Watch the committee process video and read about the legislative process .
  • Read the page on participation in legislative hearings.
  • Listen to broadcasts of committee hearings to see how they are conducted.  All committee hearings are broadcast live in streaming audio over our website.
  • Read articles on LegiSource, especially those in the category of "legislative process".


Make Yourself the Expert

Before you address an issue, do some homework. Know the whole issue: who it affects, what others feel about it, how it will influence future trends, and any other information you are able to gather. Thorough research allows you to present your viewpoint with confidence and credibility, and, combined with your personal experience, is the most effective information you can provide.


Get to Know Your Legislators

To make a difference in the legislative process, you must develop a relationship with your legislators. Keep in mind that you can work effectively with someone, regardless of the personal opinions either of you may hold. Although you are unlikely to agree on every issue, you can still build a positive relationship in the long run.

The best way to get to know your legislators on a personal basis is to spend time with them when the General Assembly is not meeting. Arrange a meeting during the months between sessions when they are home.

Your legislators are also your neighbors. You share many of the same interests and concerns, so make a strong effort to build on the common ground you both hold. Take the time to find out who they are as people.

You can contact your legislators in a number of ways:

  • Personal visit. Call the office, introduce yourself, tell the legislator or the legislative assistant what you would like to discuss, and make an appointment for a visit. Use the member directory to find the phone numbers. If you plan a visit, be prepared for your discussion. Know what you want to say, be factual, and make your comments as brief and specific as you can. If you do not know something, be willing to admit it and offer to follow up with more information later, which is also an avenue for further discussion.
  • Attend a Town Hall Meeting. Most legislators conduct periodic town hall meetings at various locations in their district. This is a good opportunity to meet your legislator and to express your views and concerns in an informal setting.
  • Write a letter. Express your views and request the legislator's attention through the mail. Make your letters brief, to the point, clear, and formal. Include your mailing address and phone number so the legislator knows where to respond. Use the member directory to find the mailing addresses.
  • Send an e-mail message. Like letters, e-mails should be brief, to the point, clear, and formal. Include your name and mailing address, as well as your e-mail address, and let the legislator know how you'd prefer to be contacted. Use the member directory to find the e-mail addresses for legislators.
  • Testify before a committee. Make your views and positions known by testifying before a committee that is having public hearings on an issue or bill. You will find each committee's schedule and meeting agendas on the session schedule page or committees page of our website.


Network with Other Citizens

Much of the information you need to be effective in the legislative process can be obtained from other concerned and active citizens. Most interest areas are represented by informal citizen groups, if not formal membership organizations.

Find out whether there are groups that share your concerns and establish a network. A group of concerned citizens can be much more effective working together, rather than as separate individuals trying to accomplish the same goal.


Key Points to Remember

Regardless of how frequently you contact your legislators, you will be far more effective if you follow these points:

  1. Be well prepared for your discussions.
  2. Provide a written statement with all verbal presentations.
  3. Make letters and e-mail formal, specific, and concise.
  4. Don't berate or argue with your legislator when you disagree. Simply thank the legislator for the time spent with you and express a desire for further discussion.

Whatever position you represent, however, remember your participation makes a difference. Our legislative process is one way each of us may contribute to the quality of life we experience in our state. Your willingness to be a responsible, involved participant is crucial to the decision-making process.



The effective date for bills enacted without a safety clause is August 7, 2024, if the General Assembly adjourns sine die on May 8, 2024, unless otherwise specified. Details