H. Pierce Lively, staff attorney at the Office of Legislative Legal Services, introduced himself. He explained that the Colorado constitution requires that all bills, other than general appropriations bills, have a single, clearly-stated bill subject. In response to a question about case law interpreting the constitutional requirement. Mr. Lively explained that there has been extensive case law establishing the parameters of the single subject requirement on appeals of the jurisdictional decisions made by the State Title Board. Mr. Lively proceeded to identify the purposes of the constitutional single subject requirement as identified by the courts. He explained that while these purposes call for a narrow title, there are consequences of using either a broad or narrow title. He also explained that a bill sponsor may want to include a trailer if they decide to use a broad title.