National Popular Vote
Interstate agreement to elect president of the United States by national popular vote. The act makes law and enters into with all other states joining therein the agreement among the states to elect the president of the United States by national popular vote (agreement). Among other provisions, the agreement:
- Permits any state of the United States and the District of Columbia to become members of the agreement by enacting the agreement;
- Requires each member state to conduct a statewide popular election for president and vice president of the United States;
- Prior to the time set for the meeting and voting of presidential electors, requires the chief election official of each member state to determine the number of votes cast for each presidential slate in a statewide popular election and to designate the presidential slate with the largest national popular vote total as the national popular vote winner;
- Requires the presidential elector certifying official of each member state to certify the appointment in that official's own state of the elector slate nominated in that state in association with the national popular vote winner. At least 6 days before the day fixed by law for the meeting and voting by the presidential electors, the agreement requires each member state to make a final determination of the number of popular votes cast in the state for each presidential slate and to communicate an official statement of the determination within 24 hours to the chief election official of each other member state. The agreement also requires the chief election official of each member state to treat as conclusive an official statement containing the number of popular votes in a state for each presidential slate made by the day established by federal law for making a state's final determination conclusive as to the counting of electoral votes by congress.
- Specifies that the agreement governs the appointment of presidential electors in each member state in any year in which the agreement is in effect on July 20 in states cumulatively possessing a majority of the electoral votes;
- Permits a state's withdrawal from the agreement, except in limited circumstances;
- Specifies that the agreement will terminate if the electoral college is abolished; and
- Provides that the invalidity of any of the agreement's provisions do not affect the remaining provisions.
The act specifies that when the agreement becomes effective, it supersedes any conflicting provisions of Colorado law.
When the agreement becomes effective and governs the appointment of presidential electors, each presidential elector is required to vote for the presidential candidate and, by separate ballot, vice-presidential candidate nominated by the political party or political organization that nominated the presidential elector.
(Note: This summary applies to this bill as enacted.)