The bill establishes the process used by county commissioner redistricting commissions (commissions) to divide counties that have any number of their county commissioners not elected by the voters of the whole county into county commissioner districts. In these counties, the bill:
- Requires the commissions to hold multiple hearings throughout the relevant counties that are broadcast and stored online and comply with state statutes regarding open meetings;
- Requires the commission to provide the opportunity for public involvement by providing the ability to propose and comment on maps and to testify at commission hearings both in person and electronically;
- Prohibits improper communication between a member of the commission and the staff of the commission;
- Mandates that paid lobbying of the commissions be disclosed to the secretary of state by the lobbyist;
- Establishes prioritized factors for the commissions to use in drawing districts, including federal requirements, the preservation of communities of interest and political subdivisions, and maximizing the number of competitive districts;
- Prohibits the commissions from approving a map if it has been drawn for the purpose of protecting one or more incumbent members, or one or more declared candidates, of the board of county commissioners, or any political party, and codifies current federal law and related existing federal requirements prohibiting maps drawn for the purpose of or that results in the denial or abridgement of a person's right to vote or electoral influence on account of a person's race, ethnic origin, or membership in a protected language group;
- Requires the commission to approve a redistricting map and specifies the date by which a final map must be approved;
- Specifies that the staff of each commission will draft a preliminary redistricting map and up to 3 additional maps, and, in the event of deadlock by a commission, creates a process by which staff submit a final map to a panel of district court judges for review based on specified criteria; and
- Requires judicial review of a commission-approved or staff-submitted redistricting map, and limits district court judicial panel review to whether a commission or the staff committed an abuse of discretion.
The bill recommends that counties establish independent county commissioner redistricting commissions and provides criteria to consider when creating these independent commissions.
The bill aligns the redistricting population data used to establish county commissioner districts with the redistricting population data used to establish congressional districts, state house of representative districts, and state senate districts.
The bill also requires that, in a county where any number of county commissioners are not elected by the voters of the whole county and the board of county commissioners refers a measure to the voters of the county to change the method of electing county commissioners, the referred measure must provide at least 2 different methods of electing county commissioners.
Finally, the bill repeals anachronistic county precinct size rules and allows county clerk and recorders to redraw precincts less often.
(Note: This summary applies to this bill as introduced.)