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Expand Firearm Transfer Background Check Requirements

Concerning the conditions under which a firearm transfer may be prohibited following a background check, and, in connection therewith, requiring approval of a firearm transfer prior to a transfer by a licensed dealer, establishing grounds for denying a transfer, and clarifying the process to appeal a denied transfer.
2021 Regular Session
Crimes, Corrections, & Enforcement
Bill Summary

Under existing federal law, a licensed gun dealer may transfer a firearm to another person prior to receiving the results of a required background check if 3 days have elapsed since the dealer initiated the background check; state law does not generally require a background check prior to a transfer by a licensed gun dealer. The bill establishes a state requirement for a licensed gun dealer to obtain approval for a firearms transfer from the Colorado bureau of investigation (bureau) prior to transferring a firearm.

The bill prohibits the bureau from approving the transfer of a firearm to a person who was convicted of specified misdemeanor offenses. The bill also prohibits the bureau from approving a firearms transfer until the bureau determines that its background investigation is complete and that the transfer would not violate federal prohibitions on firearms possession or result in a violation of state law.

Under existing law, a person who has been denied a firearms transfer following a background check can appeal the denial. The bureau is required to review background check records that prompted the denial and render a final administrative decision regarding the denial within 30 days. The bill establishes a 60-day deadline for the bureau to conduct the review and render a final administrative decision.

A person may be denied a firearms transfer if there has not been a final disposition in criminal proceedings for certain offenses for which the prospective transferee, if convicted, would be prohibited from purchasing, receiving, or possessing a firearm. Under existing law, the inability of the bureau to obtain the final disposition of a case that is no longer pending cannot constitute the basis for the continued denial of the transfer. The bill removes this restriction and permits continued denial of the transfer when the bureau is unable to obtain the final disposition of a case that is no longer pending.

(Note: This summary applies to the reengrossed version of this bill as introduced in the second house.)




Bill Text